Capsicums (also known as bell peppers or pilipili hoho in Swahili) this particular product is rarely attacked by diseases or pests not to say it doesn’t need care because it does. It does very well in hot areas such as Eastern Province, Coastal region, temperate central areas, etc.
There are four many types of diseases that attack the capsicums let me name just a few
- Early/Late Blight: It makes the leaves start folding up, meaning less photosynthesis, which means low harvest.
- Spider Mites: Very tiny red mites. Sprays will do the trick and kill the spider mites saving you from a loss
- Thrips: These mostly attack the flowers.
- White Flies: These have little effect on the crop, mostly around during rainy season
Here are the different prices of the seeds:
|Variety(Red capsicum seeds)||Quantity||Price (KSHS)|
|PASARELLA F1||100 seeds||1,215.00|
|Variety(Yellow capsicum seeds)||Quantity||Price (KSHS)|
|IIANGA F1||100 seeds||1,215.00|
|Variety(Orange capsicum seeds)||Quantity||Price (KSHS)|
Capsicum performs well under irrigated conditions. The optimum temperatures for growth are 15ºC-25 ºC. The low night temperatures in July/ August in Kenya are favourable for production of this vegetable. Seedlings take 21 days to germinate, 45 days in the nursery bed and 90 days to mature. At a spacing of 75cm by 45cm one acre can accommodate 10,000 plants, each yielding about 10 heads to give a total harvest of 100,000 heads.
The vegetable plant tolerates a wide range of climate from warm temperate to tropical, including irrigated dry hot areas. Capsicums are sensitive to frost and optimum temperature for growth and fruit set are 15-25ºC. The vegetables grows well in altitudes up to 2,000M. Capsicums can be grown on a wide range of well drained loamy or heavy cracking clay soils with optimum ph of 6.0-6.5.So for a 16 by 30 sqm of a green house you will need about ksh/= 500,000 to begin with and 1200 seeds and in turn you will be able to harvest 300kgs every week as long as you follow the planting and spraying program correctly, you will be harvesting at least four tones a year says Loise Kamau a very happy farmer I might add
The sweet pepper has a mild flavour and is used as a vegetable in stews, vegetable salads, stuffed with meat or pickled. (Chillies are used for seasoning food) Growing of sweet pepper begins in the nursery. To make a capsicum seed nursery prepares a raised bed 1M wide and any convenient length. Work in manure and phosphate fertilizer. Make drills 15cm apart and sow the vegetable seed thinly, then cover lightly with soil. Later thin out to 5cm to produce sturdy capsicum plants. Shade the vegetable beds lightly and water once or twice daily. Do not plant the vegetable near tobacco as they share many diseases.
(Source: Youth Agro Environment Initiative)