Avocado

Avocados 2

Avocados, the fruits that are very nutritious and have high protein and oil content. They perform well from 0-2100 m above sea level.  When planting, the soils should be deep and free draining. the varieties that do well are:-  

VARIETIES

CHARACTERISTICS

Fuerte 

Hybrid, Green, thin skinned pebbled  fruits of very good flavor

Haas 

Vigorously growing trees with black fruits. grows well in Kenya

Nabal 

Green fruits with good flavor. Bears in alternate years

Puebla

 Dark green trees bearing round purple fruits. Used as  rootstock 

Avocado trees seedlings are grown in the nursery, from healthy egg sized seeds which are   extracted from the fruits and planted in boxes, seedbed or 4kg containers. Grafting should be  carried out when the seedlings reach pencil thickness (the wedge grafting method is the most successful) and it should be done when the root stock is still soft  

The scion should be dormant at the time of grafting and should match the size of the rootstock. Wrap the grafting joint thoroughly to exclude water from the union.  Planting of avocado trees is done at a spacing of 9m×9m.Dig holes 60cm ×60cm×  60cm separating top soil and subsoil.   Mix the top soil with 20kg of well rotted manure, 120grams of double super phosphate fertilizer.  Remove the seedling from the pot keeping the root and soil structure intact, and plant using the top soil mixture. 

Water and shade the avocado seedlings immediately after planting. Application  of manure and  fertilizer on  growing avocado trees is done twice a year   An Acre at the spacing of 9*9m will have around 49 trees listed below are the pesticides and fertilizers to be used

Trees age

CAN

Double supers

Muriate of potash

manure

1-3  years

120 g

220 g

_____

15kg

4-5  years

220 g

450 g

______

15kg

6-7  years

450 g

650 g

220gm

30kg

8-9  years 

650 g

650 g

450gm

30kg

10-14years

900 g

1  kg

650gm

____

15 + years

1.3kg

1.2kg

650gm

_____

It’s not easy to tell when fruits are ready for harvesting, and the recommendation is, pick a few fruits from the plant, keep at room temperature.Mature fruits soften within ten days without shriveling. There are no major pests and diseases on growing avocado trees.



Tagged Under
Get in Touch

Are you interested in learning more about MFarm? Do you have a new project that you want to talk to us about? Contact us at the number or email address below

info@mfarm.co.ke
+254 707 933 993

Disclaimer
All content provided on this MFarm blog site is for informational purposes only. MFarm makes no representations as to the accuracy or completeness of any information on this site or found by following any link on this site.
MFarm will not be liable for any errors or omissions in this information nor for the availability of this information. MFarm will not be liable for any losses, injuries, or damages from the display or use of this information.
This terms and conditions are subject to change at any-time with or without notice.